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Our 43nd Year
FOR THE MEETING TUESDAY,MAY
2007 Meets Fourth Tuesday,
Founded March 1964
Fletcher Branch Library, H & Buchanan
(East of University Ave.),
Program at 7 p.m.
VOL. XLIII, No. 5, Ron Kelly, President/
Charles O. Durnett, Sec-Editor,
Dues $15 Per Year
VISIT THE BATTLEFIELDS WHEN YOU CAN...
WHILE YOU CAN
of the 3rd
Army of Tennessee,
served in the U.S. Air Force, spending some of his time at LRAFB. A native
he grew up on the Civil War, and, while he was in
Arkansas, became interested in the activities of
Arkansas’ Confederate soldiers. This resulted in his
writing of three books:
They’ll Do To Tie To, a history
of the Third Arkansas Infantry, which served in the Army of Northern Virginia:
First In, Last Out, a history of the Capitol Guards (First Arkansas
Infantry), which served in the Army of Tennessee; and
The War Child’s Children, a history of the Third Arkansas Cavalry, which
served under Forrest and
(called the war child because of his slight stature).
The first two books, "They'll Do To Tie To" and "First In - Last Out" are
now available in paperback version.
They are available from:
P. O. Box 191
Telephone: (501) 907-7912
The price is $18.50 and $16.50 respectively. Check with
Books in the Heights.
was a member of the Arkansas Civil War Centennial Commission in the early
sixties, and is a Founding Member of our Round Table.
He and Melba moved to
several years ago, to be near his children in the
Washington, D.C., area,
and his last surviving sibling. He is an active member of the Baltimore CWRT;
and has made several talks to that group. He has also spoken to the National
Congress of Civil War Round Tables and the Confederate Historical Institute on
In 2000, he was the recipient of our group’s Patrick Cleburne Award, given for
contributions to Arkansas Civil War history, joining Ed
Hamilton, and Bill
O’Donnell, who were the previous recipients. Since
that time, former Sen. Dale
Bumpers, and Bobby
have also become a recipient. This commemorative Calvary Sword is only given to
those who have made a large contribution to the civil war community.
The Third Arkansas was composed initially of eleven
volunteer companies from southern
and Staff Officers Company
A— “The Arkansas Travelers,” organized at
B— “The Berlin Beauregards,” organized at
C— “The Confederate Stars,” organized at Monticello,
D— “The Selma Rifles”, organized at Selma,
E— “The Champagnolle Guards”, organized at Champagnolle, Union county.
F— “The Hot Spring Hornets”, organized at Rockport, Hot Spring county.
G— “The Three Creeks Rifles”, organized at Three Creeks, Union county.
H— “The Orphan Company”, a mixed Arkansas/Kentucky company.
I— “The Tulip Rifles”, organized at Tulip,
K— “The Ashley
Volunteers”, organized at Hamburg,
L— “The Rust Guards”, organized at Latonia, Ashley
county (consolidated with Co A).
The 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment was
organized by companies on
July 5, 1861 and mustered into Confederate service for the
duration the War. When Dr. W.H. Tebbs and Van H. Manning, a lawyer at
Hamburg, Ashley county, organized two companies in early 1861 and marched
them to Vicksburg, where they offered them to the Confederate States at
Montgomery, Alabama, the Confederate secretary of war refused to accept
The two officers then went to
Montgomery, and by persistent entreaty,
succeeded at length in securing their admission to the Confederate Army, for the
war. Manning knew
Rust, then the Congressional representative for his
district in southern Arkansas,
obtained the assistance of his influence. When Rust decided to enter the
military service of the Confederacy, Manning persuaded him to return to his home
at Champagnolle, raise eight more companies, and follow on to some rendezvous
where together they could organize a regiment for the service during the war.
Rust did so, and joined Manning at
Lynchburg, where the regiment was
organized as regular troops of the Confederacy enlisted for the duration of
the war. It was really the first regiment from
Arkansas to be enlisted as regular troops.
The regiment was ordered to the mountains of
West Virginia, where it performed arduous and
discouraging service in the campaign on the Gauley and Cheat rivers. Hard
marching under Stonewall Jackson (whom Col. Rust later described as an
impracticable old schoolmaster who said grace before he ate and prayed
before going to bed) in the Valley Campaign followed this. The regiment was
engaged in the battles of Greenbrier and Allegheny. Under General
Jackson at Winchester, in January
1862, the 3rd Arkansas marched to
Bath and Romney, returned to
Winchester, and was ordered thence to
Fredericksburg and assigned to the brigade of
Colonel Rust was promoted to brigadier general and was transferred to a
command in the western armies. Van Manning was
promoted to the colonel of the regiment succeeding Col. Rust. The 3rd
was engaged in the battles of White Oak Swamp,
June 3, 1862, in
brigade, and on
July 1, 1862 participated in the battle, of Malvern Hill, It was
at Sharpsburg on
September 17, 1862 where
Col., Manning was seriously wounded. At
Fredericksburg, again in December 1862, the 3rd
was assigned to Hood's Texas Brigade, with which it remained, until the end
of the war.
Here the regiment was additionally augmented by, the incorporation of
Bronaugh's 2nd Arkansas Infantry Battalion of five,
Arkansas companies. The regiment was not engaged at
Chancellorsville, being engaged instead, with Longstreet's
Corp. at Suffolk.
The 3rd Arkansas
participated in the, battle of Gettysburg
with Longstreet's Corps, fighting in and in the
vicinity, of the Devil's Den, and went with that corps to
in, September 1863 where it fought at Chickamauga
(where the gallant Major, Reedy was mortally wounded),
Chattanooga, Wauhatchie, and in the siege of
Returning to the Army of Northern Virginia in the spring, of 1864, the
regiment fought with the Texas Brigade at the battle of the, Wilderness,
May 6, 1864,
marching at the double-quick several miles that morning to save the
Confederate line and subsequently throw Grant's forces, back. Here Col.
Manning was shot through the thigh and captured, He was a prisoner of
war until July 1865.
The regiment moved on to continue the fight at Spotsylvania, and
Cold Harbor. The regiment was at Deep Run on
August 6, 1864; at Petersburg during
the siege by Grant, at
HighBridge and Farmville in
1865, and surrendered at Appomattox Court House with
April 9, 1865. At Appomattox,
only 144 men remained to stack their arms instead of the nearly 1,500 mustered
throughout the war.
DonHamilton cleaning the Battle of
Little Rock marker at Brownsville
in January 2007.
Clean-up Fix-up Paint-up
It is time to marshal the troops for the annual check-up for the markers
around the city. All of the markers need help from the Central Arkansas Civil
War Heritage Trails and the Civil War Roundtable of Arkansas. A touch up here
and there, a couple of weeds pulled, a little bit of paint, and a little bit of
Kelly did this all by themselves last year. We need a
few more volunteers this year. One day over the Memorial Day weekend ought to do
it. From then on, it is just a little mowing at the markers during the summer.
These markers are a principle tourist attraction for our heritage and civil war
will have a signup list at the next meeting for you to make your mark.
May 22, 2007
June 26, 2007
W. D. Honnoll M.
July 24, 2007
- Dr. Thomas
A. DeBlack TBA
August 28, 2007
DonNall Joseph O. Shelby
September 24, 2007 TBA
October 23, 2007
November 27, 2007 TBA
We Who Study
Must Also Strive To Save!
WE NEED A NEW
The Civil War Roundtable of Arkansas has been meeting at the Fletcher
Library since 1997. JerryRussell found the site, and the
Roundtable was very happy to have a permanent place to meet and hold their
Of late, the library has started booking meetings in our usual spot. A
library representative said that we could no longer rely on being able to
meet at the library on the fourth Tuesday of each month.
As a result, we need to consider a new home. Bring your questions and
suggestions to the meeting next Tuesday. We are already booked in the
library for the next three months, with the exception of July.
We can look for a new, more convenient place or change the meeting day to a
less busy time.
Never for Want of Powder
Powder Works in Augusta,
Jacobe, and TheodoreP.Savas
An illustrated tale of the Confederacy's large-scale war technology told by
a quintet of experts
Lavishly illustrated with seventy-four color plates and fifty
black-and-white photographs and drawings, Never for Want of Powder
tells the story of a world-class munitions factory constructed by the
Confederacy in 1861. It was the only large-scale permanent building project
undertaken by a government often characterized as lacking modern industrial
In this comprehensive examination of the powder works, five scholars—a
historian, physicist, curator, architectural historian, and biographer—bring
their combined expertise to the task of chronicling gunpowder production
during the Civil War. In doing so, they make a major contribution to
understanding the history of wartime technology and Confederate ingenuity.
Early in the war,
realized the Confederacy's need to supply its own gunpowder. Accordingly,
selected Col. George Washington Rains to build a gunpowder factory. An
West Point graduate,
Rains relied primarily on a written pamphlet rather than on practical
experience in building the powder mill, yet he succeeded in designing a
model of efficiency and safety. He sited the facilities at
of the city's central location, canal transportation, access to waterpower,
railroad facilities, and relative security from attack.
As much a story of people as of machinery,
Never for Want of Powder
recounts the ingenuity of the individuals involved with the project. A cadre of
C. Shaler Smith,
Rains to a degree not previously appreciated by historians. This volume also
documents the coordinated outflow of gunpowder and ammunition, and Rains's
difficulty in preparing for the defense of
Today a lone chimney along the Savannah River
stands as the only reminder of the munitions facility that once occupied
that site. With its detailed reproductions of architectural and mechanical
schematics, and its expansive vista on the Confederacy, Never for Want of
Powder restores the Augusta Powder Works to its rightful place in
Civil War & Antique Collection
May 13, 2007 - -
June 24, 2007 - -
July 15, 2007 - -
August 19, 2007 - -
September 16, 2007 - -
October 21, 2007 - -
Civil War & Antique Collection – Ann
W.Webb are Civil
War compilers who will display and talk about an array of items from their
personal assortment of Civil War and antique kitchen ware.
Meet at Hindman Hall.
Cannon demonstration with
May 12, 2007 - -10 am –
June 16, 2007 –
July 21, 2007 –
August 11, 2007
September 15, 2007 –
demonstration with First Arkansas
Light Artillery group – Cannon firing demonstrations are every hour from to .
Civil War Collection
May 20, 2007 - -
June 17, 2007 - -
July 22, 2007 - -
August 26, 2007 - -
September 23, 2007 - -
Civil War Collection - Local Civil War enthusiast
will display and talk about Civil War items from his personal collection,
including bullets, cannonballs, and other items found in northwest
Arkansas.Meet in Hindman
Cavalry, Company D
May 27 - 10:00 to 2:00 –
See members of the 1st Arkansas Cavalry, Company D talk
about soldier life while you are watching the Confederate Cavalry camps and
activities.The 1st Arkansas Cavalry, Company D is a
Civil War reenacting unit dedicated to the portrayal of Confederate cavalry
soldiers in an extremely authentic manner.They will
be talking about their clothing and gear.
June 10, 2007 - -
July 8, 2007 - -
August 12, 2007 - -
Spinning Demonstration - See members of the
local Wool and Wheel Hand spinners Guild demonstrate the ancient art of spinning
thread, and discuss the basics of making cloth in the Arkansas Ozarks.Meet in Hindman Hall.
Fall & Winter 2007
September 1 - September 3, 2007
56th Annual Clothesline Fair
More than 200 craft booths with artisans demonstrating and
selling their wares.Living history, musical
entertainment, and square dancing are all important parts of this celebration.
Refreshments are available through the Prairie Grove Lions Club and other local
non-profit organizations.Contact the park for further information.
Admission: $4 per vehicle for parking in the
October 27, 2007 - - - Haunted Battlefield Tour
Tour groups will be guided in front of the historic Borden
House along part of the park's walking trail and into the valley where the
heaviest fighting occurred during the Battle of Prairie Grove.
Chances are good that there will be a few surprises along the way.
Tours depart every 20 to 30 minutes.The last tour
will conclude around 10 p.m. Parking is available at the east entrance of the
Borden House.Admission: Free.
Meet at the historic Borden House.Passes will be
required for specific tour departure times.Passes
are available the day of tours.
- December 2, 2007 - Christmas Open House
Christmas will be in the air as in the days of the Civil
War at Prairie Grove Battlefield.While food is
cooking in the Latta House kitchen, members of the local Wool and Wheel
Handspinners Guild and the Dogwood Lace groups will be demonstrating spinning,
weaving, and lace making.There will be guided tours
through the historic Latta and Morrow houses.
Park 100 years Anniversary (1908-2008)
December 6 - December 7, 2008
of Prairie Grove" Reenactment
Reenactors and spectators alike participate in guided tours
through the Union, Confederate, and civilian
camps; various military drills; cooking, spinning, and lace-making
demonstrations; and living history programs.Battle demonstrations begin at 1 p.m. each
day, featuring charges and counterattacks by Union
and Confederate infantry and cavalry on the actual battlefield near the historic
Borden House.Reenactors, contact the park to
register.Admission: Parking $4 per