Civil War Round Table of Arkansas
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Our 43nd Year
FOR THE MEETING TUESDAY, FEB 27,
Meets Fourth Tuesday,
Founded March 1964
Fletcher Branch Library, H & Buchanan
(East of University Ave.),
Program at 7 p.m.
VOL. XLIII, No. 2,
Ron Kelly, President/
Charles O. Durnett, Sec-Editor,
Dues $15 Per Year
VISIT THE BATTLEFIELDS WHEN YOU CAN...
WHILE YOU CAN
Where the South Lost the Civil War…
Early in the Civil War, while eastern Confederate armies were running
amok and repeatedly defeating and humiliating US forces, tough western
US forces under a bold young general handed the Cornfederates a decisive
defeat that shocked the Confederate cause and was a deadly portent of
things to come.
145 years ago in 1862, Brigadier General
finished a spectacular campaign by capturing
Donelson on the Cumberland River in
Tennessee. This battle
came ten days after Grant's capture of Fort Henry, just ten miles to the
west on the Tennessee River, and opened the way for Union
occupation of the Confederate heartland, from Paducah on the Ohio River
all the way south to Florence, Alabama.
Assult on Ft. Henry
and forced the surrender of its garrison of approximately 100 men, he
marched his force eight miles east to the much more formidable
Donelson. This earthen fort sat on a high
bluff and had a normal garrison of 6,000.
After the fall of
Henry, an additional 15,000 Confederate
troops were rushed to reinforce
Grant crossed the narrow strip of land
between the two rivers with only about 15,000 troops. One of
Brigadier General John
McClernand, initiated battle
on February 13 when he tried to capture a Rebel battery on
Donelson's ring of outer defenses. Although
unsuccessful, this action probably convinced the Confederates that they
faced a superior force, even though they actually outnumbered
A big thanks to
for his excellent presentation last month on the Marmaduke Walker Duel
and it consequences.
March 27, 2007 –
April 24, 2007 -
Women during the War Between the States
June 26, 2007
- W. D. Honnoll
Thompson: The Swamp Fox
July 24, 2007 - Dr. Thomas A.
August 28, 2007
September 24, 2007
October 23, 2007
November 27, 2007
We Who Study
Must Also Strive To Save!
Military forces began to move
inexorably towards conflict.
The Magnetic Telegraph Company
Dated: Carlisle (Barracks,
Penn.) 6th Feby, 1861
To: Col. L.
"Three ten P.M. I have just sent off by railroad
with forty two men and forty horses.
2nd Dragoons." (4-820)
Thursday, February 7th, saw the "Johnson Connections"
focus on the ferment for Secession in
Arkansas, as Senator
wired to his family back home, counseling moderation....
The Magnetic Telegraph Company
Washington Feby 7, 1861
Johnson (and) James
"Southern states which captured (Government) forts were in the
act of seceding (and) were threatened with troops and their ports and
commerce endangered. If Totten resists, for God's sake, deliberate and
go stop the assault. R.
The following telegram appears on blank paper with various phrases
crossed out. These are shown within brackets [ --- ].
was a Senator from Arkansas.
His Excel'y H. M. Rector.
Little Rock, Ark.
[For God's sake] The [motions impel]
motions which impelled capture of forts in other states do not exist in
ours. It is all premature. We implore you prevent attack on Arsenal if
Totten resists. R.W.
American Telegraph Company
"For God's sake do not attack the Arsenal. It can do no good
and will be productive of great harm. C.
American Telegraph Company
To: Gov. Rector Little Rock, Ark.
"For God's sake allow no attack to be made on
Totten. A. Rust"
Magnetic Telegraph Company
Dated: Wash'n Feb 7th, 1861
"For God's sake do not complicate matters by an attack. It
will be premature and do untractable harm. We cannot justify it. The
reasons that existed elsewhere for seizure do not exist with us.
As it turned out, Captain
surrendered Little Rock Arsenal on February 8th, resulting in the
following return telegram:
Rock, Feby 8, 1861.
(You) spoke too late, like Irishman who
swallowed an egg. Arsenal now in hands of Governor.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., February 10, 1861.
SIR: In answer to your telegram dated Washington, February 9,
I this morning answered by telegraph as follows:
I have retired with my command from Little
Rock Arsenal, and the governor of
Arkansas, in the name of the
State, has charge of all the public
property, to hold the same until legally absolved from the trust. I have
reported particulars by mail, and shall duplicate them, and explain the
whole matter thoroughly. I shall order and proceed with my command to
Saint Louis, where I beg that orders may be sent
me for my future guidance.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Captain, Second Artillery.
The Arkansas Civil War Heritage Trails
Foundation, represented by six organizations around the state, came
together in February for the annual meeting. Your part is the Central
Arkansas Civil War Heritage Trails (CACWHT), which has the same
membership as the Civil War Roundtable of Arkansas. Only the officers
The mission of the ACWHTF is to assist with the acquisition of Civil
War-related properties in Arkansas
fund interpretive exhibits and activities, and to raise funds for
further historic and archeological research into the events and
personalities surrounding the Civil War in
Then main product that you see from
ACWHTF is the newsletter knows as the ARKANSAS BATTLEFIELD UPDATE. You
will be receiving a new copy in the next few weeks, outlining all the
activities that it participants and activities. This is part your
The 2007 Chairman of the Central Arkansas Civil war Heritage trail is
, who also serves as your
Members of the CWRT of Arkansas are also
part of the TASK FORCE, that you help form last year. The main project
is to look into the sites making up the Battle of Little Rock and the
protection of the signage at each of the sites (here are the minutes of
the first meeting).
Task Force Minutes
Saturday, January 20, 2007 at Lonoke
McSwain, librarian from Lonoke
Danielson, Reed’s Bridge
Central Arkansas Civil War Round Table and the Sons of
Central Arkansas Civil War Round Table
Papineau, Historian and writer
Christ, Arkansas Department of
Meadows, Central Arkansas Civil War
gave us a short tour of museum and we heard portion of a diorama
3 segments of the Brownsville Campaign have been identified by
Brownsville Segment (battle field) and 2 off
between Brownsville and
Parts of 2 small parcels have been placed on the National Historic
Christ suggested that we try to
obtain a piece of land at the
location. According to group agreement, this
could anchor the Eastern Section of the Campaign and Reed’s Bridge can
be considered the Western anchor of the running battle.
suggested that several wayside makers could be placed along
from Furlow to Reed’s Bridge describing the engagement.
suggested that we consider land 200 yards off Hwy 31 down
as a possible site of the Eastern anchor.
who is a member of the
supposedly owns the land. There is approximately 5-15 acres of land just
north of Watson Lane
that is not being farmed and is prone to flooding. The Two Prairie Bayou
is on the eastern border of this property. The county maintains
Watson Lane with gravel.
Clem pointed out the old
park is on the south side of the road next to
Lawson’s old house.
After our meeting Clem
took us to the proposed site. The land (5-15 acres north of
has been marked and is located just south of the old
town. An interpreter-walking trail would be very suitable at this site.
Wayside markers explaining the battle and the old town would work nicely
on this property. With the help from the county, the road could be
upgraded. There is blacktop for a short distance from Hwy 31. There is
also ample space for the construction of a parking lot. Even though the
battle did not occur at the property of
Watson Lane, the bridge over Two Prairie
Bayou which confederate troops used to retreat thru
is located only 100-400 yards north of the proposed site. Interpretive
hiking trails could be constructed to the actual site of the bridge,
with owner’s permission. All roads that were used in the battle are
funneled into this section.
Part of The Trail of Tears was along the
This has additional historical and preservation importance.
Other discussion during our meeting centered on the
effect that this effort would have in promoting heritage and tourism in
County, the City of Lonoke,
County and the City of
Jacksonville. Visitors would
come to sites in both Brownsville and
Hamilton suggested before any attempt to
or other property owners about the use of the property, that we try to
inform residents of the community and government official about the
importance of this project.
done much research on the Brownsville Battle and the
Military Road. Since he has much of this on a
CD, he is willing to edit it for a presentation to the community.
will assist Clem.
offered to host the presentation with a joint meeting of the
Museum and the Lonoke
County Historical Society. She felt at least 50 people would attend. We
have targeted Sunday, April 15 at 2pm for the presentation.
suggested inviting county judges of Pulaski
as well as state senators, state representatives, and local government
officials to the presentation. Also included could be
representatives of the
Chamber of Commerce of Lonoke and
map of the proposed location could be mailed out to the county judges
with the invitation or at a fellowship meeting.
What type of
organization do we need?
Dan suggested that we have
representatives from Reed’s Bridge, Brownsville/Lonoke Community, and
the Central Arkansas Civil War Round Table of Arkansas
At the close of meeting,
Danielson, offered the use of
military museum for the next meeting place.
Amendment to minutes
Date for joint meeting
Museum and the Lonoke
County Historical Society has been moved to:
Sunday, March 18th 2 p.m.
AT THE BOOK STORE
You have heard of the
Irish Brigade, now read a book about the Confederates from the Emerald
Isle that regularly beat up on them. From
rifles of the 10TH Louisiana Confederate Infantry, to the men
of the First Virginia in Pickett’s Charge –
the Irish were there.
The Civil War’s Forgotten Soldiers
THE CIVIL WAR CONTINUES TO FASCINATE HISTORIANS AND
Civil War scholarship has brought to light the important
roles certain ethnic groups played during that tumultuous
time in our nation's history. Two new books, focusing on the
participation of Irish immigrants in both the Union
armies, add to this growing area of
While the famed fighting prowess of the
Irish Brigade at
is well known, in
God Help the Irish!
emphasizes the lives and
experiences of the
individual Irish soldiers
fighting in the ranks of the Brigade, supplying
better understanding of the Irish Brigade and why it became one
of the elite combat units of the Civil War.
that the winners of wars write the histories is especially valid in
regard to the story of the Irish who fought for the Confederacy from
1861–1865. Throughout the course of the Civil War, Irish Confederates
made invaluable contributions to all aspects of the war effort. Yet, the
Irish have largely been the forgotten soldiers of the South. In Irish
Confederates: The Civil War's Forgotten Soldiers,
illuminates these overlooked participants.
Together, the two books provide a full
picture of the roles Irish soldiers played in the Civil War.
PHILLIP THOMAS TUCKER,
winner of the Douglas Southall Freeman Award
in 1993, has written fifteen books on Civil War, Irish, and African
American history. He is an historian for the United States Air Force in
and lives in Upper Marlboro,
Must Also Strive To Save!
NEW TO YOUR WEBSITE
We have two new LINKS on
your Website that might be of interest. The first deals with the
Australians that fought as Confederates in our Civil War, and the second
is a directory of everything
Arkansas. You can find them
http://www.civilwarbuff.org on the LINKS page.
American Civil War Veterans in
This website is a dedication to the Australian
Union and Confederate Veterans of the American Civil War of
1861 - 1865. It has been created from numerous sources, government
documents, research libraries and hundreds of pieces of information
emailed in and donated by individuals from all over Australia and the
United States; and includes work by individuals in both the "Sons of
Confederate Veterans", the "Sons of Union Veterans", the "American Civil
War Round Table of Queensland" the "American Civil of Round Table of
Australia", the late Roy Parker and others. Hundred of thousands of
individuals from all over the world participated in the American "War
Between the States"; many in the north forcibly and against their will,
inducted into Union service right off ships as they immigrated to
America seeking a better life.
Arkansas directory contains relevant links across
including local guide, investment, advertising, shopping, service,
travel, transportation, education, history, culture.
SEE YOU TUESDAY NIGHT