The Pea Ridge Story
recent archeological survey of the battlefield
From the Benton
County Daily Record
Monday, March 6,
PEA RIDGE — More
than 140 years after the Battle of Pea Ridge, the battlefield, and
the men who fought upon it are still being remembered today.
Park hosted the 144th
anniversary of the Battle of Pea Ridge on Saturday and Sunday.
Living historians from around the region set up camp at the park and
portrayed some of the units that fought there during the Civil War.
Lamen, Commander of the northwest
chapter of Sons of Confederate Veterans, and
Commander of Phelps Camp No. 6, a chapter of Sons of Union Veterans
of the Civil War, shook hands in front of the
Monument at Elkhorn Tavern
at the park on Sunday. A wreath was laid at the foot of the monument
in memory of the battle and the men who fought in it. "All those who
fought here did so with a spirit of heroism we can all be proud of,"
Wilkinson said, adding that commemorations like Sunday’s
should move us "to remember the soldiers, both blue and gray," who
fought at Pea Ridge.
feel that I would like to shoot a Yankee, and yet I know that this
would not be in harmony with the spirit of Christianity."
The director of
the National Park Service,
Mainella, told the small crowd at
the commemorative event that the success of
Park comes in part from a
strong partnership between local, state, and federal governments. "I
do want to tell you that what you have here is one of the most
pristine and most protected battlefield areas I’ve seen," Mainella
Scott, park superintendent, said it is
important to preserve the park, because "the people of today need to
learn from our past." "The battle ended 144 years ago, but it still
holds us in its spell today," Scott
said. "We are standing on ground upon which Americans killed
Americans. It’s your job to never forget that."
thanked corporate sponsors and volunteers for their work in
preserving the battle site. "All of this today has come about to
move the park forward and make it tremendous and a really great
thing," Boozman said. "It truly is hallowed ground."
announced that Pea
Park was recently chosen
to be one of seven parks in the country to participate in a pilot
program that promotes exercise through history.
"If the settlement of the war was left
to the Enlisted men of both sides we would soon go home."
The program is
called Health Through History and seeks to provide citizens with an
interesting way to get fit and learn about history. An intern will
be hired at the park in May to work out the specifics of the
idea is to use the park’s 17 miles of trails to create certain
long-term health challenges for program participants. Playing off a
military theme, each challenge met will promote the participant to
private or sergeant or other rank.
said the program is still in its early stage of planning, but park
representatives will soon be seeking volunteers and monetary support
from the community to implement the program.
March 7 & 8, 1862, the Federal Army of the Southwest, under the
command of Brigadier General
defeated the combined Confederate Army of the West commanded by
Major General Earl Van Dorn.
The battle would decide whether
would remain in the
or would join the Confederacy. Along with the capture of
Forts Henry & Donelson in Western Tennessee, the decisive
Federal victory at Pea Ridge set in motion the Federal campaigns
in the West that would lead to the eventual Northern victory in
HEADQUARTERS OF THE
Washington, March 27, 1861.
SECRETARY OF WAR:
letter of Hon. Charles B. Mitchell, U.S. Senator from Arkansas,
dated the 17th instant, in relation to the military posts in
Arkansas, having been submitted to Lieutenant-General Scott, he has
the honor to report, speaking not from documentary information but
rather from oral testimony, as follows:
Fort Smith is an old established post, from
which the troops had been for a time withdrawn, but which has been
lately used as a depot to supply the advanced posts soon to be
The honorable Senator proposes that the troops at
Fort Smith shall be transferred to a point called "Frozen
Rock”, about fifteen miles southeast of
on the Arkansas River, which is
said to be a suitable position for a post. If this idea is to be
entertained, a competent officer, and the title to the land, the
sources of supply, lines of communication should make a preliminary
examination of the site, &c., should be ascertained. By act of March
3, 1859, "No permanent barracks and quarters shall hereafter be
constructed unless detailed estimates shall have been previously
submitted to Congress, and shall have been approved by a special
appropriation for the same." Until these previous steps are taken,
no movement can be taken to transfer the troops from Fort Smith.
Washita, also an old-established post,
is about 160 miles from
Fort Smith. It is a highly important military
point. The public buildings are good and in repair. Orders were
given Lieutenant-Colonel Emory, First Cavalry, the 18th instant, to
proceed there and establish his headquarters as commander of his
regiment, with discretionary power to concentrate at or in the
vicinity of the post two companies of cavalry and five of infantry,
now at Forts Arbuckle and Cobb, in addition to the two companies of
cavalry already at Fort Washita. Orders were transmitted the same
day, by telegraph and express, to move in advance one company of
infantry from Fort
Washita, in consequence of a report,
dated the 3d instant, from the commanding officer of the latter
post, referring to rumors of a contemplated attack from
Arbuckle, about 60 miles west, a little
north of Fort
Washita, has a garrison of
two companies of cavalry. It is of no importance as a military
point, and will, no doubt, be broken up under the discretionary
orders to Lieutenant-Colonel Emory. Fort
Cobb, about 160 miles northwest of
was first occupied by troops October 1, 1859. The site is on a
portion of the Choctaw country, leased as a reserve for several
detached bands of Comanche and other Indians, which were moved there
from points within the limits of
Texas. This arrangement was made for the
convenience of the State of Texas,
was designed for the double purpose of protecting these friendly
bands against incursions from the hostiles of their own tribes and
to restrain the latter in their descents upon
Texas. The attitude now assumed by
Texas changes the relations of
Cobb to that State, whilst
present maintenance is no doubt necessary for the protection of the
Indians of the reserve. But in connection with this point must be
considered the safety of the garrison in case of attack by a
superior force and the possibility of supplying it. The post is at
such a distance from the base of co-operation as to leave it
unsupported; the retreat of its garrison would be easily cut off;
hence, it requires a powerful garrison, if any. The supply trains
must pass over a section of country so open to incursions from
Texas as to make strong escorts necessary to
guard them. Subsistence and forage are said by the chiefs of the
staff departments to be difficult to obtain and very high.
These are the main subjects for the large discretion devolved upon
Lieutenant-Colonel Emory, and it is not doubted he will appreciate
them and decide with judgment.
submitted to the Secretary of War.
By command of Lieutenant-General Scott:
Assistant Adjutant-General General.
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Civil War Roundtable of Arkansas
Join folks from around the state on Saturday April 15, 2006 for
Confederate Flag Day/Heritage Day, Arkansas State Capital. It starts
with a reading of those who gave their life to preserve the
Confederacy at 10:30.
Then a program featuring our guest speaker
Rand, Commander of the Army of the
Trans-Mississippi, SCV at 11:00, and followed by a gun salute
featuring Reenactors from around the state.
State Statute on
Confederate Flag Day.
(a) The Saturday immediately preceding
Easter Sunday of each year is designated as "Confederate Flag Day"
in this state.
(b) No person, firm, or corporation
shall display any Confederate flag or replica thereof in connection
with any advertisement of any commercial enterprise, or in any
manner for any purpose except to honor the Confederate States of
(c) Any person, firm, or corporation
violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined not less than one
hundred dollars ($100) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000).
COMING IN MAY
May 6 & May 7, 2006 - 143rd Anniversary of the Battle of Chalk Bluff
– North of Piggott, Arkansas - Come to Clay County, Arkansas and see
the beautiful Chalk Bluff State Park (10 miles north of Piggott,
Arkansas) for our Civil War Weekend and participate in the "Battle
of Chalk Bluff."
The event will
take place on the actual battle site, a rare event now days.
Amenities include powder for artillery, cavalry, infantry, water,
firewood, and, hay, and a meal on Saturday evening.
Saturday, May 6th: 9:30 a
Demonstrations around Park;
10 a - Talk on
Arkansas in the War Between the States by
11 a - Cannon
Demonstrations; Noon –
1 p - Marching &
Rifle Firing Demonstrations;
2 p - Re-enactment
Followed by Grand
Review Parade of Troops returning to Camp and
3:30 p - Ladies
Demonstrations of Refugee Camp.
Sunday May 7th;
11 a - Church
Service by Rev.
1 p - Memorial
Service to Gen
2 p - Living
History - Re-enactment and Followed by Grand review Parade of Troops
returning to Camp.
COMING TO THE IMAX
Edge of Conflict
AETN's "Edge of Conflict-
in the Civil War" will be broadcasted onto the big screen at the
at 7 pm on May 11. This event will be sponsored by AETN, the
Arkansas Times, KUAR, and the
At this event, the SCV, COC, UDC, Reenactors from around the state,
and the Civil War Roundtable of
will have a direct involvement in promoting and being visible at
this event. Mark your calendars now for this Civil War extravaganza!
March 28: John
The Pea Ridge Story
archeological survey of the battlefield
April 25: Don
A Day at Shiloh
May 23: Cal
July 25: Dr.
River War in Arkansas
Snarling cormorants of newspaper filth:
" The Civil War Press of
October 24: Fred
Federal Occupation of
Election of Officers
December 2006 –
No meeting Scheduled in December
We Who Study
Must Also Strive To Save!
Whatever You Resolve to Be
Essays on Stonewall Jackson
Greene released his respected
Whatever You Resolve to Be: Essays on Stonewall Jackson in 1992, he
little realized the interest in the popular Southern general that
would explode in its wake. In recent years,
Jackson has been the subject
of biographies, military studies, and a major motion picture, Gods
and Generals. Interpretations and perceptions of
have changed as a result.
With a New Introduction
In response to this interest, Greene’s
outstanding look at Stonewall Jackson is once again available.
Whatever You Resolve to Be contains five essays exploring both the
personal and the military sides of the legendary military leader. A
new introductory essay by Greene
is also included.
In that introduction, Greene surveys the
that followed the initial release of his book. He includes his frank
observations about how this recent scholarship has both vindicated
and sometimes called into question his original assertions about the
general. He also discusses the depiction of
Jackson in Gods and Generals.
The essays cover three primary topics:
Jackson’s life, his gifts, and flaws as a
military commander, and his performance in three battles—the Seven
Days, Second Manassas, and
Greene’s portrayal is a balanced,
extensively researched study of this most praised of Civil War
Whatever You Resolve to Be remains as relevant today as when it was
first published. Greene stays primarily
true to his original observations on the general, despite new
revisionist interpretations. For scholars and non-scholars alike,
this book should be the starting point for any understanding of
Greene is the executive director of
Park and the
Museum of the Civil War Soldier near
He also has taught at
and worked for sixteen years with the National Park Service. His
most recent book is Breaking the Backbone of the Rebellion: The
Final Battles of the Petersburg Campaign.
one of only two foreign-born officers to attain the rank of major
general in the Confederate service, was born March 17, 1828 in
Bridgepark Cottage on the River Bride, ten miles west of
Ireland. After a
three-year enlistment in Her Majesty's 41st Regiment of Foot, he
purchased his discharge and emigrated to the
in 1849, landing at New
Orleans. Educated as an apothecary
(pharmacist), he first worked in Cincinnati
but soon took up residence in
Arkansas, where he became a
partner in a drugstore, and then studied law. By the outbreak of the
Civil War, he had become successful in the legal profession, and had
accumulated considerable property. He was elected colonel of the
in 1861, and was promoted brigadier general to rank from March 4,
1862. The month following he led a brigade at Shiloh and later
commanded a brigade at Perryville and a division at
Richmond. His promotion to major general
dated from December 13, 1862.
Cleburne rapidly established a reputation as
a superb combat officer on every battlefield of the western army. He
further distinguished himself at Murfreesboro,
and received a vote of thanks from the Confederate Congress for
saving the trains of the Army of Tennessee after the
campaign. A savage fighter of the Bedford Forrest stamp, his death
at the battle of
Franklin, on November 30,
1864, in the forefront of his division, was a calamity to the
Confederate cause perhaps only exceeded by the demise of Stonewall
Jackson. Perhaps the best division commander of the Confederacy,
Cleburne was eulogized by his friend and
"When his Division defended, no odds could break its lines; When it
attacked, no numbers resisted its onslaught”.
General Cleburne was the first to suggest (in a circular letter) the
emancipation and arming of the Confederacy's slaves and their muster
into military service. His proposal, now known as "Cleburne's
Memorial", was squelched by his superior officers at the time it was
proposed, but was belatedly put forth by the Confederate government
at the end of the war.
buried near Columbia,
TN, Cleburne's remains
were removed to his adopted home town of Helena,
Arkansas, in 1870, where he is buried in the
VISIT THE BATTLEFIELDS
WHEN YOU CAN...WHILE YOU CAN
SEE YOU TUESDAY NIGHT
The Pea Ridge