This original 3rd Arkansas flag is in the "Old State House"
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE 3RD
Known as the "Ashley Volunteers", the 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment
was organized July
and mustered into Confederate service for the war in July 1861. The
regiment contained men from Ashley, Drew, Desha, Hot Spring, Union, and Dallas
counties. They surrendered at
Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on
April 9, 1865. The unit was assigned to
H. R. Jackson's command and
took part in Lee's Cheat
Mountain Campaign, then moved to
and served under General Thomas J.
Later it was
assigned to General J. G. Walker's, J. B. Robertson's, and Gregg's
command and became part of the Texas Brigade. The unit was part of
the Texas Brigade from November 1862 until it surrendered at
Appomattox. After fighting the Seven Days' Battles, the 2nd Arkansas
Battalion was merged into the regiment.
It went on to
participate in the many conflicts of the Army of Northern Virginia
from the Maryland Campaign to Cold Harbor, except when they were
with General Longstreet at Suffolk, Chickamauga, and Knoxville. The
3rd Arkansas was active in the long Petersburg siege north of the
James River and later in the Appomattox Campaign. In December 1861
it totaled 756 men, reported 182 casualties during the Maryland
Campaign. Of the 479 engaged at Gettysburg, 35% were disabled. Out
of 1,500 men in the regiment, only 15 officers and 130 men
surrendered at Appomattox.
The field officers were Colonel Albert Rust, Colonel Van H. Manning,
Colonel Robert S. Taylor, Lieutenant Colonel Seth M. Barton,
Lieutenant Colonel William H. Tebbs, Major J. Hickson Capers, Major
John W. Reedy, Major Samuel W. Smith, and Major W.K. Wilkins.
Cal Collier, will
join us again this year to tell us more of the story of the 3RD
Arkansas. Cal was a member of the Arkansas Civil War Centennial
Commission in the early sixties, and is a Founding Member of our
Round Table. He is a recipient of our group’s Patrick Cleburne
Award, an etched Staff Sword. Renamed as the Jerry L. Russell Award
it is given for significant contributions to Arkansas Civil War
history, Battlefield Preservation, and the safekeeping of Arkansas’
rich History; he joined Ed Bearss, Jerry L. Russell, Don Hamilton,
and Bill O’Donnell, who were the previous recipients. Since that
time, former Sen. Dale Bumpers, Dr. Bobby Roberts, and Carl H.
Moneyhon have also become recipients.
Perhaps one of
the former recipients will bring their sword to the meeting for
Cal served in the U.S. Air Force,
spending some of his time at LRAFB. A native of Virginia, he grew up
on the Civil War, and, while he was in Arkansas, became interested
in the activities of Arkansas’ Confederate soldiers. This resulted
in his writing of three books:
“They’ll Do To Tie To”, a history
of the Third Arkansas Infantry, which served in the Army of Northern
“First In, Last Out”, a history
of the Capitol Guards (First Arkansas Infantry), which served in the
Army of Tennessee;
and “The War Child’s Children”, a
history of the Third Arkansas Cavalry, which served under Forrest
and Gen. Joe Wheeler (called the war child because of his slight
He and Melba moved to Baltimore
several years ago, to be near his children in the Washington, D.C.,
area. He is an active member of the Baltimore CWRT and has made
several talks to that group. He has also spoken to the National
Congress of Civil War Round Tables and the Confederate Historical
Institute on several occasions.
Each May, Cal and Melba return to
Little Rock for his Air Force squadron re-union, and we take
advantage of those visits to add an outstanding program to our
His program last
year was about "The Third Arkansas at Antietam”. In the autumn of
1862, the 3RD
joined Brig. Gen. John Walker (Walker’s Brigade) and decided to take
a little stroll with General Lee to visit Maryland. The 3RD
and the 27th North Carolina
stopped along an old sunken road separating the Roulette and Piper
You won’t want to
miss Cal’s dynamic presentation (Cal’s presentations are always
dynamic), this year he continues to follow the 3RD on to
Among the files of
the CWRT of Arkansas. Can you identify all of these men?
AT BAYOU FOUCHE
A Note from Don Hamilton
Fence damage near
the monument happened a few days ago when an air conditioning
contractor's white pick up truck going east approaching the
bridge hauling a black trailer carrying two air
conditioners jackknifed and ended up in the split rail fence.
A witness said
that he thought the trailer was going in the river, but it stopped
in the fence, breaking it up. There is a red reflector on the
ground near the fence apparently from the trailer. Don
sent a copy of the report to Matt Gardner of the City Parks
and Recreation, let him know what happened in case he wants to turn
this information over to the police or pursue the matter further.
It is lucky that no one was out there to be hurt.
It appears that three of the split rails (in
the background of the picture) needed to be replaced. Ron
Kelly and his brother spent some time at the site and fixed the
fence. Big thanks to both.
COMING THIS FALL
Keep your eye out this fall for
a couple of special events:
“If All of Arkansas Read the Same Book” is a program that
brings an author into the state for a book tour. In the fall of
2005, they are trying to schedule Jeff Shaara and his book “GODS AND
GENERALS”. We are working on a special event for CWRT members and
will keep you informed as his visit nears.
Ed Bearss’s first book will be out in October 2005. “FIELDS
OF HONOR’ Pivotal Battles of the Civil War” Culled from recordings
of his wildly popular battlefield tours. Bearss recounts twenty of
the war’s most significant battles in lively, detailed prose.
STAY TUNED TO YOUR
FOR DEVELOPMENTS ON BOTH OF THESE FRONTS.
June 28, 2005 –
Don Hamilton –
The Tullahoma Campaign
July 26, 2005
Don Nall –
Helena on the Mississippi
August 23, 2004 – TBA
September 27, 2005 –
Historian - Vicksburg NMP –
“A Tragedy of Errors: Failure of the
Confederate High Command in the Defense of Vicksburg”
October 25, 2004 –TBA
November 22, 2005 –
Dave Gruenewald –
Pat Cleburne's Ireland
Election of Officers
December 2005 –
No meeting Scheduled in December
We Who Study Must Also Strive To
Randy Bladwin, President
Don Hamilton, Vice President
Brian Brown, Treasurer
Brian Brown is still accepting dues of $15.00
Chas. Durnette, Secretary/Editor
Master Of History
Dies At 41
By Rebecca Stills
The Morning News
PEA RIDGE -- A
flag at Pea Ridge National Military Park flew at half-staff Tuesday
in memory of one of the park's most knowledgeable employees.
who had worked at the park since 1991, died Sunday in his sleep of
an apparent heart attack. He had turned 41 on Friday.
cannot recall his name likely will remember the historian's
humorous, sharp wit booming from his 3 1/2-foot tall body, as well
as his vast knowledge of the 1862 Battle of Pea Ridge.
"Doug had the
ability to tell a historical story and make you feel like you were
there," said John Scott, park superintendent, as he and others
reminisced about Keller's life.
interested in the Civil War and other military battles as a child,
said his sister-in-law Pat Keller of Wisconsin.
native began his Park Service career at what is now Little Bighorn
Battlefield National Monument in Montana. He gained permanent status
in 1988, after five summers on the Montana high plains, and returned
to Colorado as a museum technician at Bent's Old Fort National
He came to Pea
Ridge in 1991 as an interpretive specialist, becoming park historian
"Please do not
think that this has given me license to do research, write books or
do other history stuff!" Keller joked in 2004 in a Museum Marquee
column he wrote for The Morning News.
Keller did a
lot of research but he also made sure projects such as clearing
trees and reroofing Elkhorn Tavern didn't adversely affect the
restoration of the park to its May 1862 appearance.
He also was on
hand adding color and history tidbits to almost every celebration,
commemoration or living history event at the park, co-workers
remembered. And he was always willing to strike up a conversation
and pique the interest of someone who was not a battle enthusiast.
observe Keller's dedication at the park's visitors' center. He was
instrumental in creating the 30-minute orientation video of the
battle that people see when they arrive, said Steve Black, chief
initiated the contact with a museum in Connecticut to obtain two
uniform coats, one worn during the battle of Pea Ridge, by Union
Brig. Gen. Samuel Curtis. The park is raising $30,000 needed to buy
the coats, which are displayed in a glass case in the visitors'
family has asked that donations made in lieu of flowers to the
park's foundation be used toward purchase of the coats.
the master of the Pea Ridge story and was a much sought after
commodity," Black wrote in a news release. People from around the
world came to Keller with questions about the battle, Black wrote.
also come to Keller just to talk, said Damon Jackson, owner of Ozark
Mountain Propane Co. in Garfield.
volunteers at the park, knew Keller for 10 years.
days I'd stop in just to say 'hi,'" Jackson remembered as he sat at
his business Tuesday. "We'd talk about families, trips, whatever.
I'd stop by to see Doug just as a pick-me-up. If I was feeling down,
I'd think of Doug and all he's been through."
born with multiple broken bones in his body, a genetic disorder
called osteogenesis imperfecta, and had rods put in his legs to help
him stand, his coworkers and sister-in-law said.
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Same price – Same information
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Written by Ann Blackman
A unique observation of an all too familiar war from the
seldom-viewed perspective of a spy behind the Yankee lines. It is
interesting that, in the early days, everyone seem to accept what
Rose Greenhow was doing, perhaps because they considered the
rebellion in the south as a mere annoyance. Ann Blackman has
provided an interesting biography of a person and an era. ... COD
For sheer bravado and
style, no woman in the North or South rivaled the Civil War heroine
Rose O’Neale Greenhow. Fearless spy for the Confederacy, glittering
Washington hostess, legendary beauty and lover, Rose Greenhow risked
everything for the cause she valued more than life itself. In this
superb portrait, biographer Ann Blackman tells the surprising true
story of a unique woman in history.
“I am a Southern woman, born
with revolutionary blood in my veins,” Rose once declared–and that
fiery spirit would plunge her into the center of power and the thick
of adventure. Born into a slave-holding family, Rose moved to
Washington, D.C., as a young woman and soon established herself as
one of the capital’s most charming and influential socialites, an
intimate of John C. Calhoun, James Buchanan, and Dolley Madison.
She married well, bore eight
children and buried five, and, at the height of the Gold Rush,
accompanied her husband Robert Greenhow to San Francisco. Widowed
after Robert died in a tragic accident, Rose became notorious in
Washington for her daring–and numerous–love affairs.
But with the outbreak of the
Civil War, everything changed. Overnight, Rose Greenhow, fashionable
hostess, become Rose Greenhow, intrepid spy. As Blackman reveals,
deadly accurate intelligence that Rose supplied to General Pierre G.
T. Beauregard written in a fascinating code (the code duplicated in
the background on the jacket of this book). Her message to
Beauregard turned the tide in the first Battle of Bull Run, and was
a brilliant piece of spycraft that eventually led to her arrest by
Allan Pinkerton and imprisonment with her young daughter.
Indomitable, Rose regained
her freedom and, as the war reached a crisis, journeyed to Europe to
plead the Confederate cause at the royal courts of England and
Drawing on newly discovered
diaries and a rich trove of contemporary accounts, Blackman has
fashioned a thrilling, intimate narrative that reads like a novel.
Wild Rose is an unforgettable rendering of an astonishing woman, a
book that will stand with the finest Civil War biographies.
Ann Blackman is the author of Seasons of Her Life: A Biography of
Madeleine Korbel Albright and co-author of The Spy Next Door, about
the traitorous FBI agent Robert Hanssen. In her long career as a
news reporter with Time magazine and the Associated Press, Blackman
covered American politics, social policy, and the powerful
personalities that make up Washington society. She is married to
Michael Putzel. They have two grown children and live in the
Format: Hardcover, 400 pages
Pub Date: June 2005
Also available as an eBook.
“This is a fascinating tale of intrigue and suspense. Blackman has
discovered some truly remarkable, never-before-published papers that
reveal how deeply involved Rose Greenhow was in the Confederate
–Cokie Roberts, National Public Radio commentator, author of
Confederate Courage on Other Fields
Four Lesser Known Accounts of the War Between the
Mark J. Crawford
While many soldiers in the army of the Confederate States of America
fought on famous fields like Gettysburg and Antietam, others
demonstrated equal valor in lesser known places. Here are collected,
for the first time, the accounts of four little known pieces of
Confederate history. These four pieces are important components in
understanding Confederate life in both small and large scale.
The first section
concerns the battle of Dinwiddie Court House on March 31, 1865, the
last significant Confederate victory and the prelude to the battle
of Five Forks the next day. The second section chronicles the
experiences of Col. Charles C. Blacknall of the 23rd North Carolina
Infantry, whose letters offer insight into the life of an officer
and his personal struggles before his death from wounds received at
the battle of Winchester. The third section examines a tragic and
bloody series of conflicts and retaliations in southeast Missouri
that demonstrated the revenge and violence against civilians that
often erupted during the war. Finally, the history of General
Hospital Number One, at Kittrell Springs, is analyzed, including
accounts from the hospital’s chaplain and its chief surgeon, and
many of the last words they recorded in the performance of their
accounts illustrate very personal experiences of war by Confederate
soldiers, in their own words from letters and diaries, period and
contemporary photographs, and maps.
About the Author
Scholarly author, novelist and
songwriter Mark J. Crawford lives in Madison, Wisconsin. After a career as an
exploration geologist, his writings have specialized in Civil War
history, the environment, and science.
THE CIVIL WAR
Editor: J. D. McClatchy
Publication date: April 2005
anthology traces the advent, progress, and legacy of the Civil War
as revealed in the works of famous poets such as Walt Whitman,
Herman Melville, John Greenleaf Whittier, and Emily Dickinson, as
well as less well known writers, including combatants on both sides.
Included as well is a selection of hymns, spirituals, and marching
songs indelibly associated with the war. Here is a collected verse
epic of a nation’s struggle with itself.
Writers on both sides of the
American Civil War "brought to the crisis" (in editor J. D.
McClatchys' words) "poetry's unique ability to stir the emotions, to
freeze the moment, to sweep the scene with a panoramic lens and
suddenly swoop in for a close-up of suffering or courage." This
vibrant collection brings together the most memorable and enduring
work inspired by the conflict: the masterpieces of Whitman and
Melville, Sidney Lanier on the death of Stonewall Jackson, the
anti-slavery poems of Longfellow and Whittier, the front-line
narratives of Henry Howard Brownell and John W. De Forest, the
anthems of Julia Ward Howe and James Ryder Randall. Grief,
indignation, pride, courage, patriotic fervor, ultimately
reconciliation and healing: the poetry of the Civil War evokes
unforgettably the emotions that roiled America in its darkest hour.
J. D. McClatchy
has written several books of poems and essays, most recently
American Writers at Home (2004). In 2003 he edited Edna St. Vincent
Millay: Selected Poems, the inaugural volume in the American Poets
Project. He teaches at Yale University.We Who Study Must Also Strive
SEE YOU TUESDAY EVENING
for our annual
visit from Cal Collier