THE LIFE OF PRESTON
THE SON OF ALBERT SYDNEY JOHNSTON
Mark L. “Beau” Cantrell
William Preston Johnston (1831-1899)
Preston Johnston was born in
Louisville, Kentucky, the son of General Albert Sidney
Johnston. His mother, Henrietta (Preston)
Johnston) died when he was four and General William Preston, a
relative of his mother’s raised him. He graduated from Yale in 1852,
studied law at the
University of Louisville, and took up the practice of law in Louisville.
addition to his vocation of sonneteer,
was a Confederate soldier, lawyer, and educator. Johnston became a colonel in the Confederate
army at the beginning of the Civil War and served on the staff of
Jefferson Davis. After the war, Johnston
became a professor at Washington
and Lee University, and was offered a chair of
history and English literature by the university's president, Gen
E. Lee. Johnston
chaired the Department of History and English Literature from 1867
to 1877. While at Washington and Lee, he authored a biography of his
father, The Life of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston (1878).
1880, he became president of Louisiana
State University at Baton Rouge,
which he resigned three years later to become the first president of
Tulane University of Louisiana in New Orleans, in 1884. In his Louisiana days, Johnston
published several volumes of poetry and contributed to the
periodicals of the day. He died at
Virginia; he was the
father of six children.
is our annual meeting with the North Pulaski Roundtable. This year
we will hear Mark L. Cantrell, historian, of
OK. In addition to
being a Litigation & Appeals lawyer, Mark is Commander of
the Trans-Mississippi Army of the Sons of Confederate Veterans.
DUES FOR 2005
The dues are
$15.00 for a family membership. We generally publish a list of those
who had paid their dues (at least what our records show), to help us
have paid your dues and your name is not on the list, contact Brian
Brown at the meeting. If you would like to pay, your dues contact
Brian at the meeting or:
Brian Brown, Treasurer
Civil War Roundtable of
We already have paid members for 2005.
Robert F. Shaver
Michael T. Lewis
addition, it is time to think of about your officers for this coming
year. Elections will be held at the November meeting. Remember if
you are absent, you might be elected to something.
Of the Battle
and the death of A. S. Johnston
Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston
hoped to strike a surprise blow at Grant's Army of the Tennessee in its camp at
Pittsburg Landing. Grant was awaiting the arrival of Don Carlos
Buell's Army of the Ohio. Once combined, the
Federals planned to attack and capture the major rail center at Corinth,
hoped that he could defeat Grant's force before Buell's could arrive
to reinforce him. The result was the Battle of Shiloh.
The fighting was fierce
throughout the day, but the Confederates were achieving some
led several charges himself, and was hit by Federal fire in the
afternoon. This was his Aide-de-Camp, Colonel Preston's account of
the battle and his death.
PROGRAMS FOR 2004
November 23, 2004 --
Drew Hodges, speaking on
“A. P. Hill”
Election of Officers
December, 2004 –
No meeting Scheduled in December
January 25, 2005 –
Mark Christ –
J. O. Shelby’s Summer of ‘64
2005 - TBA
March 22, 2005
Brian Brown – TBA
April 26, 2005 –
Tom Ezell - Jenkins' Ferry
May 24, 2005 –
Study Must Also Strive To Save!
Gaylord Northrop former Civil War Roundtable of Arkansas president
died this past month. Although, he had been diagnosed with a
terminal illness he continued to attend meetings and presented a
program to us last July. He will be missed. Below is the obituary as
it appeared in the paper.
Dr. GAYLORD M. NORTHROP, 75, passed away Friday, Oct. 1, 2004, at
his Sherwood home following a lengthy battle with leukemia.
Dr. Northrop was born on Dec. 15, 1928. He was graduated from North Little Rock High School in 1946 and enlisted in the
United States Marine Corps, serving until 1948. Following his
military service, he attended the
University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, receiving his B.S. in Electrical
Engineering in 1952. He worked briefly in the aerospace industry in
before continuing his education. He was awarded a Master of
Engineering in 1955 and his Doctorate of Engineering in 1961, both
from Yale University. During his postgraduate work,
he taught at both Yale and New Haven College
and simultaneously performed work for several aerospace companies.
In 1960, Dr. Northrop joined the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, Calif., doing research in the fields of
Command Control, Communications, and Data Processing. In 1967, he
returned to Connecticut, joining the Center for
Environment and Man, where he rose to the position of vice
president. While there, he also served as Adjunct Professor and
Chair of the Environmental Science and Technology Master's Program
at the Hartford Graduate Center.
In 1982, he received an Associate Professorship at the University of
Bridgeport, Conn. He left that position in 1986 to return to Arkansas to care for his
mother. He joined the UALR Graduate Institute of Technology, was
named Interim Director in 1988, and became Director in 1989. At
about the same time, he was also appointed Associate Dean for
Research in the College of Engineering
and Technology. He retired from the University in 1997 as an
Emeritus Associate Professor.
Retirement slowed him but little. He expanded his interest in Civil
War history, touring battlefields, attending and giving lectures,
and building a library of books related to the Civil War,
particularly relating to Arkansas. He was a past
president of the Civil War Round Table. He was the current president
of the Arkansas Academy of Electrical Engineers and past president
of the Arkansas
chapter of the scientific research society Sigma Xi. He was also an
active member of the Rotary Club of Little Rock, in which he was a
Paul Harris Fellow. In his boyhood, he rose to Eagle Scout, and in
his retirement maintained his dedication to the Boy Scouts of
America by being active in the Quapaw Council and Troop 045, a group
of former Arkansas Scouts from the 1940s. In all of this, he somehow
found time to maintain the family land on which he was born and
died; removing trees that had become a danger, scraping and painting
the myriad buildings that dot the Northrop homestead, and keeping
the park-like grounds pristine.
Gaylord's long list of service and accomplishments underline the
most important characteristics of his life: an enormously
inquisitive and intelligent mind coupled with his love of sharing
his keen interests and observations with those who were open to his
He was preceded in death by his father and mother, Guy and Gladys
(Hilsmeyer) Northrop, and a brother, Guy Northrop Jr. He is survived
by his wife, Marjorie Northrop of Sherwood ; daughter, Melanie
Northrop of Wellesley, Mass.; son, Dana and wife Kristin of
Camillus, N.Y.; stepchildren, Betsy and Ed Thomas of Bergton, Va.;
Sandra and Jeff Kunz of Ayer, Mass.; Jonathan and Maura Wallace of
Westminster, Mass.; and his 14 beloved grandchildren.
Letters to the
I own a farm southeast of Holly Grove known as Big Slash Farm.
My research has revealed an extant road across the farm that has a
close connection to the Battle of Helena of July 4, 1863.
"When I purchased
the farm in 2001, the locals referred to this old road as the
'Marvell to Little Rock Road'.
I have now learned the road begins in Helena
and is known there as the 'Little
"Perhaps you could
point me to additional materials or resources from which I can glean
more about General Fagan's passage through
and the Big Slash Farm.
"The State of
has shown interest in purchasing this property because of its
ecological and biological significance. I now know the farm
has historical significance as well.
is immediately east of the farm. Historically, a 500
square mile region in Monroe County
contained the only substantial area of loblollies pine in the entire Mississippi River Valley at the time of settlement.
The area around Pine
is the best remnant of the remaining Delta pine ecosystem.
The Pine City/Big Slash area includes nine rare plant communities
and three rare plants and animals, including the federally
endangered red-cockaded woodpecker which was identified as a
conservation priority by several cooperating organizations and
agencies in the Mississippi River Alluvial Plain Ecological
Assessment. The Arkansas Forestry Commission has identified
through DNA testing that the
area loblollies are genetically distinct from all other loblollies,
earning the Big Slash and neighboring pines the name 'Lost Pines of
"Whether we strike
a deal with the state or not, I would like to be able to know more
about the historical significance of the Little Rock Road which passes directly by
the tractor shed and transverses the farm east to west. I want
to erect a bronze historical marker with the image of General Fagan
and a brief narrative of his passage along the
Little Rock Road.
Hopefully, our visitors to Big Slash Farm will hear the wagon
wheels creak, taste the dust, and smell the sweat of men and mules
as they forced their march 34 miles in a single day toward Helena.
appreciate any help you could give to me."
Michael T. Lewis
LEWIS & LEWIS
519 First Street
P.O. Drawer 1600
Historic Fort Blakeley,
Scene of Last Major Battle
of the Civil War. Just hours after the surrender of General Robert
E. Lee miles away in Virginia, the
Battle of Blakeley was fought at
on April 9, 1865 at 5:30 p.m. It was a major news event in the
ongoing coverage of the Civil War depicted in "Harper's Weekly".
"Probably the last charge of this war, it was as gallant as any on
record," Harper's reported.
was created in 1981 to preserve the National Register Site and its 5
1/2 miles of pristine breastworks.
operate, promote, protect, preserve, and maintain Historic Blakeley
For more information:
Please submit resume' and references in writing to the following
Historic Blakeley State Park
Position of Director
Spanish Fort, AL 36577
The American Civil War
were paid $13 per month until after the final raise of 20 June '64,
when they got $16. In the infantry and artillery, officer was as
follows at the start of the war: colonels, $212; lieutenant
colonels, $181; majors, $169; captains, $115.50; first lieutenants,
$105.50; and second lieutenants, $105.50. Other line and staff
officers drew an average of about $15 per month more. Pay for one,
two, and three star generals was $315, $457, and $758, respectively.
pay structure was modeled after that of the US Army. Privates
continued to be paid at the prewar rate of $11 per month until June
'64, when the pay of all enlisted men was raised $7 per month.
Confederate officer's pay was a few dollars lower than that of their
Union counterparts. A Southern B.G for example, drew $301 instead of
$315 per month; Confederate colonels of the infantry received $195,
and those of artillery, engineers, and cavalry go $210. While the
inflation of Confederate Money reduced the actual value of a
Southerner's military pay, this was somewhat counterbalanced by the
fact that promotion policies in the South were more liberal.
As for the pay of
noncommissioned officers, when Southern privates were making $11 per
month, corporals were making $13, "buck" sergeants $17, first
sergeants $20, and engineer sergeants were drawing $34. About the
same ratio existed in the Northern army between the pay of privates
and noncommissioned officers.
supposed to be paid every two months in the field, but they were
fortunate if they got their pay at four-month intervals (in the
Union Army) and authentic instances are recorded where they went six
and eight months. Payment in the Confederate Army was even slower
and less regular.
Source: "The Civil War
Dictionary" by Mark M. Boatner
Register to receive CWRT information
Civil War -Histories-Battles-People-Current Events
PLACES of interest
Searchable Chronology Database
DISPATCHES Current Info-Monthly
LINKS major historical and preservation source
RESOURCE for historical Civil War information
GROUPS list contacts for today's information
PEOPLE of history
To call attention to the extensive collection of
history related links, the Old State House Museum gives out a
History Website of the Week Award.
They have chosen The Civil War in Arkansas as our winner
for the week beginning October 18 and running through October 24.
Symposium on the 19th Century Press, the Civil War,
and Free Expression
University of Tennessee
Thursday, Nov. 11, 2004
The Sheraton Read House Hotel
* "Voices" Dr. Kit Rushing,
* "History and Children's Fiction" Fran Bender,
of Tennessee at Chattanooga
* "The Development of Narrative Art in the Civil War Fiction
of F. Scott Fitzgerald" Marcia Noe, Fendall Fulton, UTC
* "I Undertook to Write You a Letter for Publication: The
Social Functions of Soldiers' Letters to Indiana
Newspapers During the Civil War" Stephen Towne, Indiana
Univ. Purdue Univ. Indianapolis
at Salt River: Whig Radicalism and
the Collapse of the Second Party System" Gregory Borchard, UNLV
* "Slavery in the Florida Whig Press: A report on how three
Florida Whig papers covered slavery and the1850 Compromise from
1848-1852" Sherrie Farabee, Lorain County
Friday, Nov. 12, 2004
Raccoon Mountain Room of the
UTC University Center
Luncheon and Dinner in the UTC Chickamauga
Room (2nd Floor of the
* "A Brief History of the Confederate Press" Deborah Reddin
van Tuyll, Augusta State
* "No Turning Back": The Official Bulletins of Secretary of
War Edwin M. Stanton, Summer of '64" Crompton Burton,
* "Drawing Civil War Soldiers: Volunteers and the Draft in
Harper's Weekly and Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1861-1864"
Martin Kuhn, University
of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
* "Hollywood Themes and Southern Myths: An Analysis of Gone
with the Wind" Bill Huntzicker, St. Cloud State
* "Gone With The Wind: It's The Copyright, Not Tara, That's
Worth Fighting For" Robert Spellman, SIU, Carbondale
* "The Fugitive Imagination: Robert Penn
Warren and Southern Biography" Robert Gilpin,
12:10-1:30 Luncheon in the Chickamauga Room,
* "Cameras, Sketchbooks and Combat: Visual
Communication During the American Civil War" Charles Lewis, Minnesota State
* "John L. O'Sullivan and the Tragedy of Radical Jacksonian
Thought" Robert Sampson, University of Illinois
* "Assignment Liberia:
'the boldest adventure in the history of Southern journalism'"
Patricia McNeely, South Carolina
* "The Darlings Come Out to See the Volunteers Drilled":
Depictions of Women in Harper's Weekly During the Civil War" Kate
Edenborg and Hazel Dicken-Garcia, University of Minnesota
* "Lawyer/Editor Alexander K. McClung: the South's Most
Feared Dueler" Alex Nagy, MTSU
* "This Wicked World: Masculinities and the Portrayals of
Sex, Crime, and Sports in the National Police Gazette, 1879-1906"
Guy Reel, Winthrop
* "The Liberty
to Argue Freely: Nineteenth-Century Obscenity Prosecutions and the
Emergence of Modern Libertarian Free Speech Discourse" Mary
Lamonica, Bridgewater College
* "Race, Reconciliation, and Historical Memory in American
Newspapers During the Centennial Year" Robert Rabe,
* "Journalism in Civil War Indiana:
Technology, the Party Press, and Suppression" David Bulla,
in the Chickamauga Room
* Panel:"Words, Images,
Destiny: Native Americans in the 19th Century Press" Barbara Straus
Reed, Rutgers, moderator
* "Portrayals of Native Americans and African Americans in
the Journalism of Jane Grey Swisshelm: Heretical or Conventional?"
Mary Ann Weston, Northwestern University
* "Tough Words and Savage Pictures: Images of American
Indians in Harper's and Leslie's" Bill Huntzicker, St. Cloud
* "Business, Politics, and War: Relations Among American
Indians and Whites as Portrayed in the Frontier Press of
Mankato, 1857-1868" Charles Lewis, Minnesota State
* "Constituting the present: Lessons for today from newspaper
coverage of the Indian Land Severalty Act of 1887" Debra Schwartz,
November 13, 2004
* "The Failure of a
Moderate Southern Voice: Andrew Jackson Donelson's Tenure as Editor
of the Washington
Union, 1851-1852" Mark Cheathem, Southern New Hampshire University
* "The Intersection of Mid-Nineteenth Century Black and White
Community in Hartford,
CT as presented in the letters of
Addie Brown" Tami Christopher,
* "Fighting the Demon Rum: The Murder of a Virginia
Prohibition Party Newspaper Editor" Stephen Bird, Radford
* "Immersion and Secession: Mixing Religion and Politics in
Baptist, 1860-61" Nancy Dupont, Loyola
* "Checking Financial Power: Newspaper Coverage of the
New York Stock Exchange's Bid to Control the Ticker,
June 1889" Cynthia Mitchell, Central Washington University
* "A Survey of the Newspaper Industry's First Professional
Trade Publication, The Journalist (1884-1907)" Jennifer Moore,
Discussion continues while
the group visits
Chattanooga's historic Civil War Sites
(includes lunch and dinner)
Sponsored by the West Chair of Excellence, the UTC Communication and
History departments, the Chattanooga Times Free Press, and WRCB-TV
Channel 3. All paper sessions are free and open to the public.
Please direct comments and questions about the Symposium to Dr.
CIVIL WAR READING LIST
The purpose of the
Arkansas Civil War Reading List is to provide the beginning reader
with a short guide, to books on the war as it affected our state.
General Histories of the Civil War
James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom.
history of the United States
from about 1845 until Appomattox. About 40% of the book is on the
prewar years, the rest on the war. This book is up to date, reflects
most (though not all) of the historical research on the war, and is
a single volume which is well written, easy to read, and accessible
to the non-historian. It also has an excellent bibliographic note at
the end that refers to most of the scholarly literature on issues
relating to the war. If you read only one book on the war, this one
should probably be it.
Bruce Catton, The Centennial History of the
Civil War. New
York, Doubleday Books, 1963.
Three volumes: published separately as The
Terrible Swift Sword, and
Never Call Retreat. One of the best-written histories of the war, by a man
associated primarily with the Union side of the war. This series,
however, presents equal coverage of both sides. First volume covers
prewar material through First Bull Run, second volume Bull Run to Antietam, third volume the rest of the war.
Shelby Foote, The Civil War: A Narrative.
1958. Three volumes. Published
separately as Fort Sumter to Perryville,
Fredricksburg to Meridian, and Red River to
Appomattox. A history of the War, focusing on the history of
the Confederacy more than on Union operations. Until McPherson's
book, the most popularly read history of the War.
It’s still the most popular and most widely available Down South.
Robert Johnson and Clarence Buel, editors.
Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Four volumes. 1887.
Reprinted 1959. A series of articles on the various battles of the
Civil War, written by generals from both sides that had fought in
the battles. A troublesome book: like most firsthand sources, it
tends to be inaccurate on the details, especially of the opponent's
actions, and tends to reflect the author's needs to justify himself
more than what actually happened. However, an excellent, and comprehensive, collection of
first-hand descriptions of the battles by the men who fought them.
The Civil War. 1991. An 11-hour motion picture documenting the war. First shown
on PBS and highly acclaimed, now available from Time Life Video on
nine VHS tapes. There is also a companion book, "The Civil War: An
Illustrated History" which you can get.
Civil War Genealogy
These are periodicals for the general reader which deal with the
Civil War and are likely to be found at your newsstand.
J. H Segars,
In Search of Confederate Ancestors: The Guide
(Southern Heritage Press, 1996).
Bertram Groene, Tracing Your Civil War
Brian A. Brown,
In the Footsteps of the Blue and Grey, A Civil War Research
Handbook. (Two Trails Genealogy Shop, 1996).
Allen, Index to Arkansas Confederate
Soldiers In 3 volumes.
(Arkansas Research, 1990).
Arkansas’s Damned Yankees
(Arkansas Research, 1990).
The Roster of Confederate Soldiers (Broadfoot Publishing,
Causes of the War and History to 1861
O’Donnell, Why the “Civil War”?
(Civil War Round Table of Arkansas, 1985)
James M. Woods, Rebellion and Realignment:
Arkansas’s Road to Secession (Univ. of Arkansas Press,
(Also see Dougan’s
Confederate Arkansas, listed above)
We Who Study Must Also Strive To Save!
SEE YOU TUESDAY NIGHT