"Next to Longstreet and
A. P. Hill is the best
soldier of the grade with me."
Our perennial presenter
Drew Hodges will bring us the story of Confederate General Ambrose
Powell Hill. The man both Lee and Jackson called for when dying, the
man who possessed a sense of pride and temper worthy of mighty
Achilles, the soldier, the man, the father, the husband, the
complicated and enigmatic figure.
A. P. Hill was famous in
his own time -- an important lieutenant of Lee, he commanded
one-third of the Army of Northern Virginia, saved the day and
probably prolonged the War by arriving just in time at
Sharpsburg, and infamously fought with both
Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet.
Significantly, both Jackson and
Lee while dying called out orders to A. P. Hill -- something his
veterans remembered with sorrowful pride. Nevertheless, even
while alive, A. P. Hill was overshadowed by the eccentric
Jackson, the knightly Lee, the controversial Longstreet, the
dashing Stuart. Killed at the very bitter end (a week before Appomattox
), A. P. Hill wrote virtually
nothing beyond the usual after-battle reports and letters home
-- and even in this regard, historians are hampered because most
of his personal papers succumbed to the gnawing of hungry rats.
He had no champion, as did Stuart, Jackson, or Lee; his
surviving generals mainly stayed out of ugly post-war feuds that
marred the memory and legacy of people like Longstreet or Early.
Although perhaps the most beloved of Lee's corps commanders by
his men, Hill has slowly faded into obscurity, the mists of time
shrouding him so much that he has been called "The Mystery Man
of the Confederacy."
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PEOPLE of history
speaking on “A. P. Hill”
November 23, 2004 --
Election of Chair
December 2004 –
Scheduled in December
January 25, 2005 –
Mark Christ – J. O.
Shelby’s Summer of ‘64
February 22, 2005 –
George Davis – The
Battle of Franklin
March 22, 2005 - TBA
Brian Brown – TBA
April 26, 2005 –
Tom Ezell, Jenkin's Ferry
May 10, 2005 –
Cal Collier – TBA
June 28, 2005 -- TBA
July 26, 2005 – TBA
August 23, 2004 – TBA
September 27, 2005 –
Terry Winschel, Historian -
Vicksburg National Military Park.
October 25, 2004 –TBA
November 22, 2005 - TBA
December 2005 –
No meeting Scheduled in December
Last month we ran an article
in the newsletter about the pay scale in the Civil War armies, and
Tom Ezell thought that our readership might be interested in just
how those odd numbers were set:
Tommy Logan was a typical son of the Emerald Isle who
entered the Confederate Army at the first call for troops from
Mississippi. Tommy was older than any of the
other privates and had traveled nearly all over the States as a
common laborer, mostly with his shovel or hod. Never was Tommy
wanting in a reply to any question asked; he needed no time to
"frame" his answer. The only besetting sin of this true man was his
love for the jug. No kinder man ever lived.
early spring of 1862, General John B. Magruder issued an order that
no intoxicants should be sold within the Confederate line nor sold
or given away to any Confederate soldier. This being said, Gen.
Magruder was himself a hard drinker.
days after this order Tommy was detailed as a guard at Gen.
Magruder's headquarters, and when a conversation arose between the
officers as to why the pay of the Confederate army was fixed at odd
numbers, a private receiving $11 per month, a sergeant $17; and a
general $301, one of the aides to the General who knew Tommy said:
"General Magruder, old Tommy Logan, the guard out there, may answer
your question. He has a ready answer to any question asked him."
is brought in, obviously inebriated.) General Magruder said:
"Sir, I see you have been drinking. Will you tell me where you got
Gineral, I'm afraid you will put me in the guardhouse, and I think
the damn Yankees are thinking of taking
Fredericksburg, and I would hate to tell some
of my good friends in town I did not fire a shot in their defense."
Explaining the Confederate Army's Pay Scale...
said the General, "I will not punish you if you will tell where you
got your whiskey."
Gineral, that sounds so kind of you to say that it matters not where
I got the whiskey; so I will tell you the God's truth where I got
the liquor." (Considerable "blarney" follows...he saw some horse,
admired a fine one, etc, etc.)
going around him I discovered a canteen hung to the saddle and, the
divil take my curiosity, I smelt of the canteen and found about
three drinks of good whiskey. My curiosity to taste was up, and I
took a small drink. Ah! bad luck to whiskey. It made me want more,
and I drank the entire contents of that canteen, not more than three
fingers, though, you see."
the General put in: "Well, here you are telling a long-winded story,
and the one who owned the whiskey or horse you have not divulged...
whose horse was the canteen on?"
kind Gineral, I do not know the owner; but I have for the last six
months I have seen you ridin' that noble animal."
this came out the entire staff began to laugh, and one said:
"General, Tommy is too much for you."
said the General, "he has not only got off for being drunk, but has
gotten drunk on my whiskey!"
also offered an answer to the original question:
Gineral, that is aisy. I get $10 a month for the work I do as a
private and $1 for the honor of being a soldier, and you get $300
for the honor of being a gineral and $1 for the work you do."
now tell you that General Magruder never passed our company at any
time on the march or in camp and saw Tommy that he did not raise his
hat and salute the private who explained so fully the odd numbers
that Congress fixed as the pay for its officers and soldiers of the
line. But I'll bet he left Magruder's whiskey alone from then on. A
wise old man quits while he's ahead.
2004 issue of the SENTINEL, 6th
newsletter. The original story came from an issue of the
original CONFEDERATE VETERAN, exactly which one I've sadly
Civil War Sites
Offering Summer Tours
Because of the
success of this summer’s Central Kentucky Civil War Heritage Trail,
Kentucky’s Civil War sites are again teaming up to present a full
week of activities. To be held July
18-24, 2005, the event has been expanded to offer even more
opportunities for families, casual visitors, and Civil War
begin on Monday, July 18, at Perryville, the site of
Kentucky’s largest Civil War battle.
Speakers and living historians will be on hand to discuss the Civil
War in Kentucky, the Battle of
Perryville, and to offer battlefield tours.
A reception to welcome visitors will begin the week’s activities.
The event will
continue on Tuesday, July 19, at Mill Springs, which will include a
comprehensive immersion tour of this important battleground.
Wednesday (July 20) events will take place at
Camp Wildcat, the site of a crucial Union victory, and
Thursday (July 21) activities will be shared by
and Winchester. Richmond will interpret
their battle, which was an overwhelming Confederate victory, while
will host a grand opening and dedication of their Civil War Heritage
Camp Nelson will welcome visitors on Friday,
July 22, where they will offer archaeology, tours of the White House
museum, and an evening program including a Civil War era meal.
Saturday (July 23) activities will be held at
Frankfort and New Haven. Frankfort will offer
tours of Fort Hill and other area historic sites, and New Haven will discuss a sharp fight involving
Confederate cavalry led by John Hunt Morgan.
The week’s events
will conclude on Sunday, July 24, at Munfordville and Tebbs Bend.
The siege at Munfordville played a key role during the 1862 Kentucky
Campaign, and at Tebbs Bend, John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry suffered a
severe setback. Munfordville, Tebbs Bend, Winchester,
and New Haven
are all new additions to this year’s weeklong Civil War event.
Visitors will be greeted with the best these sites have to offer –
expertly guided tours, hands-on activities, concerts, living history
programs, hands-on archaeology, artillery demonstrations, and more.
Many of these experiences have not been available to visitors in the
event provides a wonderful opportunity to visit many of
Kentucky’s Civil War sites at one time.
All of these sites will have creative, interactive events planned,
and visitors can choose to attend just one event or visit all six
The tour has given these sites the opportunity to pool their
resources and talents in order to show a national audience what
transpired in Kentucky
during the Civil War period.
information about the Central Kentucky Civil War Heritage Trail,
call 1-800-866-3705 or visit www.kycivilwar.org.
Little Rock Slips in Another Change
city of Little Rock
has chosen to change one more symbol of its’ immeasurable southern
heritage. Confederate Boulevard, the long time road
to Sweet Home and on to
was changed to Springer.
short, winding portion running from Barber past the cemetery to just
north of Interstate 440, continues to be listed as
Confederate Boulevard. The exit signs on
the Interstate have been changed to be politically correct.
The Completed Capital Guard Monument
by Michael W. Kauffman
It is a tale as familiar as
our history primers: A deranged actor, John Wilkes Booth, killed
Abraham Lincoln in Ford’s Theatre, escaped on foot, and eluded
capture for twelve days until he met his fiery end in a Virginia tobacco barn. In the national
hysteria that followed, eight others were arrested and tried; four
of those were executed, four imprisoned. Therein lay all the classic
elements of a great thriller. Nevertheless, the untold tale is even
Now, in American
Brutus, Michael W. Kauffman, one of the foremost Lincoln
assassination authorities, takes familiar history to a deeper level,
offering an unprecedented, authoritative account of the Lincoln murder conspiracy. Working from a
staggering array of archival sources and new research, Kauffman
sheds new light on the background and motives of John Wilkes Booth,
the mechanics of his plot to topple the Union government, and the
trials and fates of the conspirators.
Piece by piece,
Kauffman explains and corrects common misperceptions and analyzes
the political motivation behind Booth’s plan to unseat Lincoln, in
whom the assassin saw a treacherous autocrat, “an American Caesar”.
In preparing his study, Kauffman spared no effort getting at the
truth: He even lived in Booth’s house, and re-created key parts of
Booth’s escape. Thanks to Kauffman’s discoveries, readers will have
a new understanding of this defining event in our nation’s history,
and they will come to see how public sentiment about Booth at the
time of the assassination and ever since has made an accurate
account of his actions and motives next to impossible–until now.
In nearly 140
years, there has been an overwhelming body of literature on the Lincoln
assassination, much of it incomplete and oftentimes contradictory.
In American Brutus, Kauffman finally makes sense of an incident
whose causes and effects reverberate to this day. Provocative,
absorbing, utterly cogent, at times controversial, this will become
the definitive text on a watershed event in American history.
W. KAUFFMAN is a political historian and graduate of the
of Virginia who has studied
assassination for more than thirty years. He has appeared on A&E,
the History Channel, C-SPAN, and the Learning Channel, and was
called to testify as an expert witness in the 1995 Booth exhumation
hearings. He lives in southern Maryland.
Category: History –
Imprint: Random House
Format: Hardcover, 528 pages
Pub Date: November 2004
Joe Brown’s Pets
The Georgia Militia, 1862–1865
William R. Scaife and William H. Bragg
The definitive history of the Georgia Militia during the Civil War
At the beginning of the
Civil War, Georgia
ranked third among the Confederate states in manpower resources,
behind only Virginia and Tennessee. With an
arms-bearing population somewhere between 120,000 and 130,000 white
males between the ages of 16 and 60, this resource became an object
of a great struggle between Joseph Brown, governor of Georgia, and
Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy. Brown advocated a
strong state defense, but as the war dragged on
Davis applied more pressure for more soldiers from Georgia. In December 1863, the
state’s general assembly reorganized the state militia and it became
known as Joe Brown’s Pets.
historians William Scaife and William Bragg have written not only
the first history of the Georgia Militia during the Civil War, but
have produced the definitive history of this militia. Using original
documents found in the Georgia Department of Archives and History
that are too delicate for general public access, Scaife and Bragg
were granted special permission to research the material under the
guidance of an archivist and conducted under tightly controlled
conditions of security and preservation control.
William R. Scaife
has taught at Emory
is a retired architect with more than 40 years experience in
architecture and engineering. He is a widely respected Civil War
historian with numerous publications and has served as consultant to
or member of many organizations of history, national parks, and
William H. Bragg
teaches history at Georgia
College and State University
in Milledgeville, Georgia, and is the author of two
previous books on the Civil War published by Mercer.
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